These tests are carried out only by an Assay Office, of which there are four in the UL – London, Birmingham, Sheffield and Edinburgh. Gold and silver hallmarks Understanding British or English hallmarking since 1238 Dating Silver by Assay and Fineness marks Quickly decide whether the your object is pre 1975 and its original Assay office.The Hallmarking Act 1973 changed on 1 January 1999 and allows articles of higher and lower standards of fineness to be sold. Consumers may now choose from a much wider range of goods but to continue to benefit from the same level of protection. Using a British Hallmark Guide How to quickly identify gold and Silver hallmarks that you see in car boot sales and markets.This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ... are one of the most important names in English silver and certainly the most important in silver plate. & Howson Hayne & Cater Hennell family Holland Aldwinckle & Slater Horton & Allday Hukin & Heath W. Jamieson Lambert & Co Lamerie Latham & Morton Levi & Salaman C.
Since hallmarking began, the leopard’s head has been used in various forms to denote the London Assay Office.
The Edinburgh mark is a three-turreted castle (to which a thistle was added from 1759 until 1975 when a lion rampant replace the thistle); the mark for Sheffield was a crown until 1974 when it was replaced by a rosette, while the symbol for silver made in Birmingham is an anchor.
It was Edward I who first passed a statute requiring all silver to be of sterling standard – a purity of 925 parts per thousand – ushering in a testing or assay system that has survived for over 700 years.
The statute made it the responsibility of the Wardens of the Goldsmiths' Guild to mark all items of sterling standard with a leopard's head stamp.
British sterling silver hallmarks help to identify the maker and year of manufacture of sterling silver items produced by Great Britain.
Understanding and learning to recognize these marks, can help you avoid costly mistakes in both the purchase and sale of antique English silver.
By 1838 they had discovered and patented a new way to electroplate one metal on to the surface of another.
By 1840 production was already underway with silver electroplated wares. Dixon & Sons Dobson & Sons Eley family Elkington & Co Emes family Fattorini & Sons Fox family Garrard & Co S.
The company received financial backing from Josiah Mason in 1842 (renaming the firm Elkington, Mason & Co between 18) and was extremely successful.
It introduced electrotyping as a new method of production for silver plated items.
Hallmark date stamps on silver, gold, and platinum for the Offices of London, Birmingham, Sheffield, and Edinburgh from 1678 – 1974 London Dated Hallmarks from 1678 – 1974. Dating UK Hallmarks See all the main dated hallmarks from the UK since 1678 International Hallmarks How to identify the international hallmarks on gold, silver and platinum products.